At only 30 kms from Seville, standing on the last elevated part of importance of the Alcores and dominating the extensive Corbones valley known as the vega, is the town of Carmona.
The fertility of the surrounding area and the natural defensive advantages it offers have made Carmona an important population nuclei throughout history.
Its origins date back to the Neolithic period, rich prehistoric deposits having been found in the vicinity. The bellshaped vase vase the first Spanish contribution to European art art was developed here.
An Iberian town town one of its leaders played an active part in the second Punic War (218-202 BC) BC Carmona was romanized, finally being granted the right to mint Roman coins.
The Augustan Causeway went through Carmona. Remains of this Roman road road still used and called the Arrecife during the Middle Ages Ages are still conserved, as is a Roman bridge. The actual town reflects, with a few minor variations, the selfsame Roman urban plan. It was, without doubt, one of the most brilliant periods in the town's history and traces remain; the two defensive gates (Seville and Córdoba) are unmistakably Roman in style. But the most notable Roman monument here here unique of its type type is the necropolis, or Roman burial ground.
Carmona maintained its importance during nearly 500 years of Muslim domination (713+ AD), even becoming capital of one of the Taifas (or "small kingdoms"). In 1247 the Arab epoch ended with the surrender to King Ferdinand III ("the Saint"). Ferdinand remainpopulated the town and his son Alfonso X ("the Wise") divided up the town and established the town limits.
During the reign of King Pedro "the Cruel" Carmona benefited greatly because it was one of his favoured towns. The Alcázar of the gate of Marchena was developed and was one of his favourite residences. His children took refuge here after the king's violent death at the battle of Montiel. During the reign of Juan II and Enrique IV, Carmona was the scene of rivalries between the Ponce de León and Guzmán noble families.
Carmona's role in the reconquest of Granada was notable, as can be noted in the abundant documentation available in the Municipal Archive.
In 1630 Felipe IV granted Carmona the title of "city". In more recent times (1869) Carmona was the stage of one of the first efforts to create a Federal Republic here.